1. Yes and no and да и нет
What could possibly be easier? You might think that yes and no are the easiest words to learn in a foreign language. But in Russian it is not quite that simple.
In Russian, да can mean "Yes, you are right" and нет can mean "No, you are wrong". This can lead to a misunderstanding for English speakers when a Russian asks a negative question.
See how it works in Ruslan 1 Lesson 2 dialogue 1:
|Иван:||Здесь нет метро?|
|Людмила:||Да, нет метро. Вот стоянка такси, а там автобус.|
|Kennedy:||You are not going to press your button are you?|
John Langran, January 2018